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Author Topic: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation  (Read 209 times)

Offline armchairgeneral

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WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« on: November 05, 2019, 10:53:38 PM »
About a year ago someone kindly posted a link to a WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation. I can't seem to find it now. Can anyone help me with this please?
Current and forecast unpainted leadpile - 535 figures (all 28mm)
Painted 2019 - 6

Offline Driscoles

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #1 on: November 08, 2019, 06:33:11 PM »
Iam sure Cuprum can help.
, ,

Offline armchairgeneral

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #2 on: November 08, 2019, 07:33:46 PM »
Hopefully but last time someone else just posted a link.

Offline cuprum

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #3 on: November 09, 2019, 02:59:54 PM »
This is a very broad question.
During the war, the staff of the battalion changed. In addition, a lot depended on various nuances: what kind of front it was, the presence of weapons, which contingent went to form a battalion (for example, militia units). There were also separate battalions (for example, shock battalions). It is difficult to answer your question unequivocally.

States of separate battalions in the military time (1908)

Officers:

Separate battalion commander - 1
Company commanders (captains) - 4

Administration of officers:
- adjutant of battalion 1
- treasurer 1
- weapons manager 1
- clerk of the court 1

Junior officers 7

Total Officers: 16

Classroom officials:

- Junior doctor 1
- Clerk of the economic 1
Total class officials: 2

Lower ranks:

Sergeants 4
Captainarmus 5
Non-commissioned officers:
 - seniors 16
- younger 56
Company drummers - 8
Bugler - 1
Corporal 80
Private 780
Total lower combat rank 950

Volunteers - 4

Non-military lower ranks:

Clerks:
- battalion 1
- senior 2
- junior 2

Paramedics:
- senior 1
- junior 1
- company 4

Infirmaries 2
Patient Overseer 1
Gunsmith 1
Tailor 1
Artisans 6

Total non-combatant lower ranks 22
Total lower ranks 976

Offline armchairgeneral

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #4 on: November 09, 2019, 07:50:26 PM »
Thanks for the very detailed response Cuprum. The organisation I had before mentioned a cavalry scout force of 60 men being part of a battalion?

Can you also tell me how cavalry regiments were organised in terms of how many troops and squads in a troop (or the equivalent) and their approximate strengths?

Offline cuprum

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #5 on: November 10, 2019, 07:27:00 AM »
The cavalry scout squad is a regimental level.


The tactical and counting unit in the cavalry was a squadron consisting of approximately 150 horsemen, of which 6 were supposed to be officers. In the Cossack units, the squadron was called the "hundred", but there were almost no organizational differences. In the Russian army at the beginning of World War I there were 734 squadrons.

Six squadrons plus some auxiliary units made up the cavalry regiment. In total, the cavalry regiment was supposed to have 980 soldiers and non-commissioned officers, 36 officers, 4 doctors, 3 clerks, and 1062 horses.

The cavalry division, as a rule, consisted of four regiments (dragoon, ulan, hussar and cossack). In addition to the cavalry units, the division also included a 12-gun equestrian artillery "division"(*) , which included 14 officers and 455 soldiers. The cavalry division also relied on a machine gun team of 132 people with 8 machine guns and a small horse-sapper team.

Thus, the cavalry division was approximately equal in strength to the infantry regiment.

By the start of World War I, the Russian army had 24 cavalry divisions and 8 separate cavalry brigades. The mobilization plan did not involve the creation of new cavalry units. The number of cavalry was to grow due to the Cossack troops, which were supposed to additionally expose about 560 "hundreds".

In Russian, there is a difference in the concepts of “division” (“дивизия” and “дивизион”).
"Дивизия" is the generally accepted meaning of the word.
"Дивизион" is usually a unit of two artillery batteries.
« Last Edit: November 10, 2019, 07:52:14 AM by cuprum »

Offline armchairgeneral

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #6 on: November 10, 2019, 10:11:40 AM »
Thanks very much for the detailed reply.

We’re cavalry squadrons organised down into further smaller units such as squads or troops?

Offline cuprum

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #7 on: November 10, 2019, 10:31:27 AM »
The squadron is divided into 4 platoons. A platoon is divided into 2 units, having the name "zveno".

Offline armchairgeneral

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Re: WW1 Russian Infantry Battalion Organisation
« Reply #8 on: November 10, 2019, 05:47:35 PM »
Okay thanks again Cuprum. You are a star!  :)